Panchakarma , which includes five major procedures, is meant to purify the whole body by eliminating the accumulated toxins from it. This includes treatments like Virechana (Purgation), Vamana (Emesis), Snehavasthi (Medicated Oil Enema), Kashayavasti (medicated decoction enema) & Nasya (Nasal Administration). The specialty of this treatment is that it can be administered both in a healthy, as well as thediseased person. When a healthy person subjects himself to Panchakarma, it has a preventive, restorative and rejuvenative effect on the body.
We all have a chart for our mo-bikes, for servicing plan. We never forget that we need to service our vehicle on such-such date, but we have never planned for the servicing of ours. We all are vehicles, vehicles of the great consciousness. For better results, we should take care if this machine, we will be able to complete the required and designated works for us.
Working of body system is just like that of a machine. Routine servicing is a must for the proper functioning of machine. With out timely servicing the working efficiency of the machine will decrease and after a time we have to throw it in garbage. Same happens when timely cleansing of body is not done. Because of all this Ayurveda advocates seasonal regime of body cleansing procedures. As different Doshas lose their balance in different seasons and also person very in their body type so purification procedures also very with person, season and disease.
Detoxification Procedures are told in Ayurveda in name Panchakarma. Panchakarma literally means five (Pancha) procedures (Karma). These are:
Some authorities tell Anuvasana Vasti and Niruha Vasti under same heading Vasti and Rakta mokshana (blood letting) as the fifth procedure of the Panchakarma
VAMAN: This process is meant for the purification of upper 1/3 rd of the body, the place for Kapha. It is believed after unction and sudation and waste materials come and collect in the stomach. Now emetics are given and all the waste products will be eliminated. This procedure is best for hyper acidify, diabetes, skin diseases, psoriasis.
VIRECHAN: It works on middle one third of body and purifies the body by removing excessive Pitta from it. Process is same as done in the case of Vaman karma, just route differs. Strong or mild purgatives are given and Pitta Dosha is excreted from the body. Results are just like miracles in - Rheumatoid, Arthritis, Hemiplegia, Skin Problems and Other Pitta Related Diseases.
NIRUHA VASTI (cleansing enemas): Here medicines are given through anal canal with the help of a bladder (known as Vasti in Sanskrit, so the name). As the large intestine is the main place of Vata Dosha. So it is the treatment of choice for maximum neurological disorders, caused by aggravated Vata. In this type of Vasti herbal decoctions constitute the major part of the medicine.
ANUVASANA VASTI (oleation enemas): This is also known as Vasti, as route is same, the anal canal. In this type herbal oils are used, these are given in lower quantities in the anal canal, so due to a lower pressure on anal canal, it has a tendency to be retained in side. And it does its work by taking own time. It gives best results in Chronic Constipation and Other Neurological/Vataj Disorders, where disease is caused by the increased Ruksh/Dryness factor of this Dosha.
NASYA: Herbal powders or Juices or Oils are administered by nasal route in this type of treatment. It gives exclusive results in migraine - chronic headache, works for hairs and memory of booste
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